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Order Flow in Forex Trading - The Complete Guide

Order Flow in Forex Trading: The Only One Guide You’ll Ever Need (2023)

Have you ever wondered what order flow is in forex trading

If so, then this piece of information is definitely for you. 

Order flow is an important concept in the world of forex trading. 

Understanding it can give you a leg up on other traders. 

In this blog article, you get answers to all of your questions.

From what order flow is, what different types of orders are…

To how it affects forex trading, how you can use it to your advantage, etc.

With some knowledge of order flow in forex trading, you will be able to make sound decisions with confidence and successfully execute trades.

Order Flow in Forex Trading - The Complete Guide

What is the Order Flow Market?

The order flow market is one where traders buy and sell assets based on their desired levels of market liquidity. 

In other words, it is the market for traders who want to trade in an environment with more or fewer orders than the current market conditions. 

The order flow market typically has higher liquidity than the traditional spot forex market, making it more attractive to some traders.

What is Order Flow in Forex Trading?

When you place a trade in the forex market, you are effectively buying or selling one currency in exchange for another. 

The price that you see quoted on your trading platform is the price of the last trade that was matched between a buyer and a seller.

It is the most recent price at which someone was willing to buy or sell that currency pair.

However, what you don’t see quoted on your platform is the order flow leading up to that trade.

The order flow in forex trading is simply a measure of the net volume of buy orders versus sell orders that are currently being placed in the market for a particular currency pair.

It can give you valuable insights into the current state of the supply and demand in the market. 

These insights help you predict price movements and make better trading decisions.

What are Different Types of Order Flows?

Order flow in forex trading can be classified in different ways.

1. Buy Orders vs. Sell Orders

Based on the definition, order flows can be categorized into two types: buy orders and sell orders. 

Buy Orders

A buy order is placed when traders expect the price of a currency pair to increase. 

Sell Orders

A sell order is placed when traders expect the price of a currency pair to decrease. 

2. Positive Order Flows vs. Negative Order Flows

Taking the net difference between buy orders and sell orders into account, we have: positive order flows and negative order flows.

Positive Order Flows

A positive order flow indicates that more buy orders have been placed than sell orders. 

This is generally considered as a bullish indicator.

As it suggests that a particular currency pair has more demand than supply. 

Negative Order Flows

A negative order flow indicates that more sell orders have been placed than buy orders. 

This is generally seen as a bearish indicator.

As it suggests that a particular currency pair has more supply than demand. 

3. Market Orders vs. Limit Orders vs. Stop Orders vs. Trailing Stop Orders

Based on the price to conduct a trade, there are four main types of order flow in forex trading: market orders, limit orders, stop orders, and trailing stop orders.

Market Orders

Traders buy or sell a currency pair at the current market price.

Limit Orders

Traders buy or sell a currency pair at a specific price, known as the limit price.

Stop Orders

Traders buy or sell a currency pair once the market price reaches a specified price, known as the stop price.

Trailing Stop Orders

A trailing stop order is quite similar to a stop order.

But instead of being placed at a specific price, it is placed at a certain distance from the current market price. 

As the market price moves in your favor, the stop price will trail behind it by the specified distance.

What are the Order Flow Trading Strategies?

Flow trading strategies are based on the premise that the order in which traders buy and sell their currency pairs is just as important as the price they pay for them.

These strategies aim to profit from the way that different market participants react to news and events.

There are two main types of flow trading strategies: informational and behavioral.

Informational Strategy

The informational strategy focuses on analyzing order flows in order to make predictions about future market movements.

Behavioral Strategy

The behavioral strategy, on the other hand, aims to take advantage of imbalances in the order book to execute trades at more favorable prices.

Besides, it is common to divide flow trading into three strategies including momentum trading, news-based trading, and arbitrage.

Each has its own strengths and drawbacks.

Therefore, it’s important to choose the one that best fits your goals and risk tolerance.

How do I Measure the Order Flow?

How do I Measure Order Flow

Order flow in forex trading can be affected by a number of factors.

For instance, economic data releases, central bank announcements, and political events. 

Traders use a variety of techniques and indicators to interpret order flow data and make trading decisions.

But one of the most popular is the Order Flow Indicator (OFI). 

It measures the difference between the number of buy orders and sell orders being placed at any given time.

It can be a useful tool for gauging market sentiment.

What is Order Flow Volume-Weighted Average Price (VWAP)?

What is VWAP?

Volume-weighted average price (VWAP) is another way to measure order flow.

It is a lagging indicator showing the average price at which a security has traded over a certain period of time.

VWAP is calculated by adding up the dollar value of all trades made over the course of the day and then dividing by the total number of shares traded. 

The resulting figure is the VWAP for that currency pair.

How to Take Advantage of VWAP?

Some traders use VWAP as a buying or selling benchmark. 

If the currency pair price falls below VWAP, they may buy, expecting it to rise back to this level. 

If the currency pair price rises above VWAP, they may sell, expecting it to fall back down.

However, keep in mind that VWAP is a lagging indicator.

So you should use it as part of a broader trading strategy that takes into account other factors like support and resistance levels.

How to Trade Order Flow?

Trading order flow is all about understanding the buy and sell orders that are coming into the market and where they are coming from. 

By understanding this, you can get an idea of where the market is going and make better trading decisions.

There are a few different ways to trade order flow.

#1 Volume Indicator

The most common way is to use a volume indicator on your charting software. 

This will show you the number of contracts traded at each price level. 

You can use this information to see areas of support and resistance, as well as identify potential reversals.

#2 Price Action

Another way to trade order flow is with price action. 

This involves looking at candlestick patterns and identifying where there is buying or selling pressure. 

This can be used to enter or exit trades, as well as set stop losses and take profits.

#3 Order Types

The last way to trade order flow is with order types such as limit orders, stop orders, and market orders. 

By understanding how these orders are filled, you can get a better idea of where the market is going. 

You can also use this information to manage your risk better by using stop losses and take profits.

Key Takeaways:

When trading order flow, it is vital to pay attention to the order book. 

This is a record of all the buy and sell orders that have been placed for a particular currency pair. 

The order book can give you an idea of the size of orders and where these orders are coming from.

It is also vital to pay attention to price action

This is the movement of prices over time. 

Price action can provide clues about which direction the market is moving and whether there is buying or selling pressure.

Finally, it is also important to use technical analysis when trading order flow.

Technical analysis is a tool that can help you identify patterns in price action and make predictions about where prices are likely to go in the future.

How to Place an Order?

When you place an order to buy or sell a currency pair, your trade is executed at the next available opportunity at the market price. 

Market prices are constantly changing, so your order may be executed at a different price than you initially expected.

When you place an order through a broker, you will typically have to provide some basic information.

For example, the currency pair you want to trade, the size of your position, your desired entry and exit prices, etc.

Your broker will then send your order to their dealing desk where it will be matched with another order from another client or from the broker’s own inventory.

Once your order is matched, it will be executed at the current market price. 

If the market price moves in your favor, your trade will be profitable. 

In the opposite case, your trade will be unprofitable.

Popular Order Flow Charting Software

There are a few popular order flow charting software programs available on the market today. 

Some of the more popular ones include:


The software is designed for use with the TradeStation platform. 

It provides users with advanced charting capabilities and order flow analysis tools.


Ninja Trader is another popular choice among traders.

It offers an extensive suite of tools for technical analysis and trade execution.

MetaTrader 4

It is the most commonly used trading platform in the world.

MetaTrader 4 comes bundled with order flow charting indicators and plugins.

Jigsaw Trading

Jigsaw Trading is a relatively new player in the field. 

It has an innovative approach to order flow analysis and trading decision-making.

What does a Volume Bar Represent on my Forex Platform?

A volume bar on a forex platform represents the number of trades that have been executed over the selected time frame. 

Based on this information, traders can gauge market activity and sentiment. 

In addition, traders can use this data to help identify potential entry and exit points.

The volume bar is typically located at the bottom of a chart.

The larger the volume, the more active the market is. 

Conversely, if there is low volume, it could indicate a lack of interest in the pair.

Order Flow Volume Profile Indicator & Drawing Tool

This is a powerful tool that allows you to visualize the order flow in the market and identify potential trading opportunities. 

The indicator displays the volume of buy and sell orders at each price level, which can give you an insight into the supply and demand in the market. 

In addition, the indicator includes a drawing tool that allows you to draw support and resistance levels on your chart. 

Order Flow Trade Detector

The order flow trade detector is a tool that can help you identify potential trading opportunities by monitoring changes in the order flow. 

By tracking the order flow, you can get an idea of where other traders are placing their orders and potentially take advantage of any imbalances that may occur.

Order Flow Market Depth Map

Order Flow Market Depth Map

The order flow market depth map shows the relative strength of buy orders versus sell orders for a given currency pair.

The market depth map is color-coded.

The green color indicates more buying pressure than selling pressure.

On the contrary, the red color indicates more selling pressure than buying pressure.

The darker the shade of green or red, the stronger the buy or sell pressure respectively.

If you see that the market depth map is mostly green for a currency pair, it means that there are more buyers than sellers and the prices are likely to rise. 

If you see that the market depth map is mostly red for a currency pair, it means that there are more sellers than buyers and the prices are likely to fall.

How does Order Flow Cumulative Delta Work?

Cumulative delta is a measure of order flow that takes into account all buy and sell orders placed for a currency pair over a specified period of time. 

Cumulative delta can be used to identify trend direction and strength, as well as potential reversals.

What are the Benefits of Using Order Flow in Forex Trading?

When trading forex, order flow can provide important clues about market sentiment and future price movements. 

By tracking buy and sell orders, traders can gauge whether there is more buying or selling pressure in the market and make informed decisions accordingly.

There are several benefits to using order flow in forex trading:

  • Help you better understand market sentiment;
  • Bring you an advantage in predicting future price movements;
  • Support you better managing your risk;
  • Help you improve your trade execution;
  • Add an element of fun and excitement to your trading;

What are the Risks of Using Order Flow in Forex Trading?

It is important to be aware of the potential risks involved in using order flow. 

One of the primary risks is that order flow can be easily manipulated by large institutions and market makers. 

This can create an unfair advantage for those with access to this information and may result in less favorable prices for retail traders. 

Additionally, order flow data can be difficult to interpret and may require significant experience and knowledge to use effectively. 

As such, novice traders may want to avoid using order flow data when making trading decisions.

Does Order Flow Trading really Work?

So, what’s the truth? 

The answer is that it depends on who you ask and what your personal experiences have been. 

There are definitely some traders out there who have had success with order flow trading. 

But there are also those who have tried it and failed miserably.

Ultimately, whether or not order flow trading works is going to come down to your own personal opinion and experiences. 

If you think it can work for you, then give it a go. 

But if you don’t believe in it, then don’t waste your time and money on something that isn’t going to work for you.


Order flow trading, or tape reading as it is sometimes referred to, can be a great addition to any forex trader’s toolkit. 

By learning the basics of order flow and incorporating some of the strategies discussed here into your own trading plan you can better manage risk, spot opportunities for profit and gain an edge in the markets. 

So, if you are looking to add a new dimension to your forex trading then why not give order flow a try?

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